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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(四)

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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(四).doc

選作題I:

 Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. W: Would you do me a favor?

M:__________

A. I would.

B. With pleasure.

C. I don' t know if I can.

D. What is the favor?

2. W: Operator, I want to make a person-to-person call to Toronto, Canada. The number is 932 - 0808.

M:__________

A. But I don' t know whom you want to call.

B. What' s the name of the party you' re calling?

C. What' s the address of the person you' re calling?

D. What's the extension number you' re calling?

3. Speaker A: Wow! How nice the room is!

Speaker B:__________

A. It' s just so so.

B. So it is,

C. Is that so?

D. So you love it.

4. W: Sunshine Hotel. May I help you?

M: __________

A. All fight. My name is David Jones and my room number is 103.

B. Yes. We need a double room for this weekend.

C. Thank you, I' d like to make a long distance call to New Zealand.

D. Sorry. I don' t think you can help us. Thank you anyway.

5. M: I want to try on that black pair.

W: __________

A. Do you mean this black pair or that black pair?

B. Oh, I thought the red ones looked very nice on you.

C. Would you mind changing another pair?

D. Get the red ores, please. I' m busy.

6. Guest: I' d like a room with an ocean view (風景), please.

Clerk: I' m sorry. __________

A. Those rooms are all ordered.

B. Those rooms are all possessed.

C. Those rooms are all owned.

D. Those rooms are all held.

7. Speaker A: Are you feeling better now?

Speaker B:__________

A. Well, not too better yet, thank you.

B. Well, not too good yet. Better than I was though.

C. Well, it doesn' t matter.

D. I' m all right now.

8. W: My watch is not working.__________

M: It' s ten past twenty.

A. What time is it?

B. What' s the time?

C. What is time by your watch?

D. what time is it by your watch?

9. Speaker A: Can I do anything for you?

Speaker B :__________

A. No. You can' t do anything for me.

B. Never mind.

C. It' s my pleasure.

D. No, it' s all right. I can manage myself.

10. Speaker A: I' m terribly sorry for being so careless.

 Speaker B :__________

A. Never mind.

B. Don' t worry about it.

C. Don' t feel sorry about it.

D. I feel sorry too.

ll.W:__________

 M: I' d like to see a pair of brown shoes.

A. What do you want?

B. What can I do for you?

C. What do you like?

D. Do you want to buy something?

12. W: Please deposit (投進去) twenty more cents.

 M:__________

 A. Oh, dear, I don' t have any more money. I' 11 have to hang up now.

 B. Deposit twenty more cents. It' s an astronomical figure for me.

 C. Sorry, I didn' t owe you twenty more cents.

 D. Sorry, I didn' t even have a bank account book.

13. Katherine : Linda ! I haven' t seen you for ages. How are you?

 Linda: Fine. And you?

 Katherine: Pretty good. How' s Frank?

 Linda: Oh, don't you know? We got divorced two years ago.

 Katherine :__________

A. Oh, I am sorry.

B. What a pity !

C. It is really a problem.

D. Hope you' II be better.

14. W :A man from AT&T would like to talk with the manager on the new project. Is she available?

 M:__________

A. I' m sorry. She is engaged just now.

B. I' m sorry. She is free.

C. Pardon, please. She said she would come to meet sooner or later.

D. She said she should apologize for inconvenience.

15. Speaker A: Hello. May I speak to Sally, please?

 Speaker B:__________

A. May I ask who you are?

B. Yes. But the number is engaged.

C. Yes. This is Sally.

D. Thanks for calling.

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )

Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :

On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln went to Gettysburg in Pennsylvania to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery. The Civil War was still going on. There was much criticism of Presi-dent Lincoln at the time. He was not at all popular. He had been invited to speak at Gettysburg on-ly out of politeness. The principal speaker was to be Edward Everett, a famous statesman and speaker of the day. Everett was a handsome man and very popular everywhere.

It is said that Lincoln prepared his speech on the train while going to Gettysburg. Late that night, alone in his hotel room and tired out, he again worked briefly on the speech. The next day Everett spoke first. He spoke for an hour and 57 minutes. His speech was a perfect example of the rich oratory of the day. Then Lincoln rose. The crowd of 15,000 people at first paid little attention to him. He spoke for only nine minutes. At the end there was little applause. Lincoln turned to a friend and remarked,"I have failed again". On the train back to Washington, he said sadly, "That speech was a fiat failure, and the people are disappointed".

Some newspapers at first criticized the speech, but little by little as people redid the speech they began to understand better. (76) They began to appreciate its simplicity and its deep mean-ing. It was a speech which only Abraham Lincoln could have made.

Today, every American school child learns Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address by heart. Now eve-ryone thinks of it as one of the greatest speeches ever given in American history.

1. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln was__________.

A. very critical

B. unpopular

C. very popular

D. very courteous

2. Lincoln was invited to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery because he was__________.

A. a famous speaker

B. a very handsome man

C. President of the country

D. a popular statesman

3. It can be inferred from the text that__________.

A. Lincoln prepared his speech very carefully before he went to Gettysburg

B. Lincoln was very busy at the time and didn' t have much time to prepare his speech

C. Lincoln' s speech was full of rich words

D. Lincoln' s speech was very long

4. It was a fact that Lincoln' s speech was__________.

A. an immediately success

B. warmly applauded

C. a total failure

D. not well-received at first

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address has deep meaning.

B. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is simple in style.

C. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is memorized by every American school child.

D. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is the greatest speech ever delivered in the United States.

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

(77) In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the early post-war era( 站后時期 ), there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. Already today, less than forty years later, as computers are relieving us of more and more of the routine tasks in business and in our personal lives, we are facing with a less dramatic but also less foreseen problem. People tend to be over-trusting (過分信任) of computers and are re-luctant to challenge their authority. Indeed, they behave as if they were hardly aware that wrong buttons may be pushed, or that a computer may simply malfunction(失靈).

(78) Obviously, there would be no point in investing (投入) in a computer if you had to check all its answers, but people should also rely on their own internal computers and check the machine when they have the feeling that something has gone wrong. Questioning and routine double checks must continue to be as much a part of good business as they were in pre-computer days.

Maybe each computer should come with the following warning: for all the help this computer may provide, it should not be seen as a substitute for fundamental thinking and reasoning skills.

6. What is the main purpose of this passage?

A. To look back to the early days of computers.

B. To explain what technical problems may occur with computers.

C. To discourage unnecessary investment in computers.

D. To warn against the blindness to the probable shortcomings of computers.

7. The passage recommends those dealing with computers to__________.

A. be reasonably doubtful about them

B. check all their answers

C. substitute them for basic thinking

D. use them for business purpose only

8. An "internal computer" ( Para. 2 ) is__________.

A. a computer used exclusively by one company for its own problems

B. a person’s store of knowledge and the ability to process it

C. the most up to date in home computer a company can buy

D. a computer from the post-war era which is very reliable

9. The passage suggests that the present day problem with regard to computers is __________.

A. challenging

B. psychological

C. dramatic

D. over-trusting

10. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would disapprove of__________.

A. computer science courses in high schools

B. businessmen and women who use pocket calculators

C. maintenance(連續不斷) checks on computers

D. companies which depend entirely on computers

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours. It' s a hard work and it makes you short of breath. To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes ( as long as you' re not held up at the airport), but it' s an expensive way to travel. You can travel by hovercraft if you don' t mind the noise, and that takes forty minutes. Otherwise you can go by boat, if you forget your sea-sickness ills. All these means of transport have their problems and the weary( 不耐煩的)travel-er often dreams of being able to drive to France in his own car. "Not possible", you say. Well,wait a minute. People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge.

This time, the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London. (79) A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only.

Why is this idea being discussed again? Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC( 歐共體) ? Well, perhaps. The main reason,though, is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London' s disused dockland(船塢地) ~ A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize(使…重新有活力) the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. (80)With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England, and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm!

11. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

 A. Swimming across the Channel takes less than four hours.

 B. The idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge is a very new one.

 C. It is considered to be more difficult to swim across the channel than any other means.

 D. A tunnel or bridge would only reach as far as the coast.

12. A tunnel would be__________.

 A. less expensive to be built than a bridge

 B. more expensive to be built than a bridge

 C. less expensive to be built than a rail

 D. more expensive to be built than a rail

13. If they built a Channel tunnel, you would__________.

 A. neither take a train nor go by car

 B. only take a train

 C. either take a train or go by car

 D. only take a bus

14. It can be concluded that many of London' s dockyards are__________.

 A. not used

B. seriously blocked

 C. fully used

D. opened again

15. Channel link would__________.

 A. allow us to buy fish and chips in France

 B. make the journey from Europe to England dangerous but easier and faster

 C. decrease more trade for London' s dockyards

 D. make London more prosperous again

 Part 11Vocabulary and Structure ( 30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. One must try his best to __________to the new environment.

 A. adopt

B. adapt

 C. adept

D. apt

17. Christmas is a holiday usually celebrated on December 25th __________the birth of Jesus Christ.

A. in accordance with

B. in terms of

C. in favor of

D. in honor of

18. Hospital doctors don' t go out very often as their work __________all their time.

A. takes away

B. takes in

C. takes over

D. takes up

19. Do you know why John didn't__________ at the party yesterday evening?

A. show off

B. show down

C. show up

D. show in

20. Stupid people often find it difficult to__________their prejudices.

A. give in

B. give away

C. give into

D. give up

 21. They built the wall especially high so that the little boy couldn' t __________it.

A. get on

B. get up

C. get to

D. get over

22. If you don' t put the milk in the refrigerator, it may__________.

A. go by

B. go off

C. go on

D. go back

23. No sooner had I closed the door than somebody started knocking __________it.

A. on

B. with

C. to

D. for

24. Every director needs an assistant that he can __________to take care of problems that may occur in his absence.

A. count of

B. count for

C. count on

D. account for

25. Living things are __________cells, and cells do not grow to more than twice the size they were at first.

A. made from

B. made up of

C. made up from

D. made of

26. Do what you think is right,__________ they say.

A. however

B. whatever

C. whichever

D. if only

27. Our society has changed and __________in it.

A. so the people have

B. the people have so

C. so have the people

D. have the people so

28. Young__________ he is, he knows what is the right thing to do.

A. that

B. as

C. although

D. however

29. She __________the washing out in the garden because it was fine yesterday.

A. hung

B. hang

C. hanged

D. hanging

30. He is very __________in using money.

A. economic

B. economical

Co economy

D. economize

31. Babies often__________ down when they are learning to walk.

A. drop

B. fall

C. slip

D. jump

32.__________ English, she is studying Japanese and French.

A. Except

B. Except for

C. Beside

D. Besides

33. __________your homework and make sure that you don' t__________ any mistakes.

A. Do ; do

B. Make; make

C. Make; do

D. Do; make

34. The flat where we live __________three rooms only.

A. is comprised of

B. is made of

C. contain

D. is composed of

35. Because the company was doing more business, it was necessary to __________the factory.

A. extend

B. increase

C. rise

D. lookers

36. A country must always be __________guard against spies and invaders.

A. in

B. to

C. with

D. on

37. We must leave the party at exactly 9: 00__________ we' 11 be late for work.

A. for else

B. other

C. else

D. otherwise

38. He remembered clearly that he__________the book on her desk yesterday.

A. lied

B. lay

C. lying

D. laid

39. I don' t think he is serious,__________.

A. do I

B. is he

C. don' t I

D. isn' t he

40. Cancellation of the flight __________many passengers to spend the night at the airport.

A. resulted

B. obliged

C. demanded

D. recommended

41.__________in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling$ 21,000.

A. Judged the best

B. Judging the best

C. To be judged the best

D. Having judged the best

42. Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body' s need for it from natu- ral sources without turning __________the salt bottle.

A. up

B. To

C. on

D. over

43. I' d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than__________a room with someoneelse.

A. share

B. to share

C. sharing

D. to have shared

44. He will surely finish the job on time __________he' s left to do it in his own way.

A. in that

B. so long as

C. in case

D. as far as

45. In my opinion, you can widen the __________of these improvements through your active partici-pation.

A. dimension

B. volume

C. magnitude

D. scope

Part ⅢIdentification ( 10 % )

 Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A,B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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Part 1VCloze ( 10% )

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices markde A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Do you know insurance(保險) ? Buying insurance is a56by which people can protect themselves57large losses. Protection against fire is one kind of insurance. Large numbers of people pay58sums of money59an insurance company. Although thousands of people have paid for fire insurance, only60will lose their homes by fire. The insurance company will pay for these homes61of the sums of money it has collected.

The first modem fire insurance company was62in London, England, in 1666. A great fire had just63most of the city, and people wanted to protect against64losses. The fire company grew rapidly.65, other companies were founded in other areas.

Benjamin Franklin helped form the fast fire insurance company in America in 1752. He also 66a new kind of insurance for67 The new insurance would offer protection against the loss of crops68storm.

In 1759, Benjamin Franklin helped start69new insurance. This company, which offered 70insurance, collected some money71from different men. Although a man died, his family was given a large sum of money. Today, this company is72in business.

Over the years, people have73from many new kinds of insurance when they have suf- fered from74accidents as car, plane crashes. Tomorrow, almost everyone has75kind of insurance.

56. A. idea

B. sole

C. thought

D. means

57. A. against

B. to

C. from

D. on

58. A. small

B. large

C. little

D. a lot of

59. A. for

B. to

C. off

D. into

60. A. few

B. quite a few

C. a few

D. many

61. A. out

B.to

C. by

D. of

62. A. recognized

B. found

C. come into being

D. formed

63. A. injured

B. hurt

C. destroyed

D. harmed

64. A. longer

B. farther

C. further

D. deeper

65. A. Quickly

B. Soon

C. Slowly

D. Immediately

66. A. insisted

B. suggested

C. advised

D. wanted

67. A. workers

B.salesmen

C. farmers

D. people

68. A. by

B. from

C. for

D. with

69. A. other

B. the other

C. others

D. another

70. A. life

B. flight

C. fire

D. traffic accident

71. A. regularly

B. often

C. usually

D. always

72. A. still

B. yet

C. already

D. often

73. A. heard

B. paid

C. benefited

D. offered

74. A. such

B. many

C. the

D. more

75. A. certain

B. any

C. some

D. one

Part VTranslation (20 % )

Section A

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into CAinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. They began to appreciate its simplicity and its deep meaning. It was a speech which only Abra- ham Lincoln could have made. (Passage 1 )

77. In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the early post-war era( 戰后時期), there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. (Passage 2 )

78. Obviously, there would be no point in investing(投入) in a computer if you had to check all its answers, but people should also rely on their own internal computers and check the machine when they have the feeling that something has gone wrong. (Passage 2 )

79. A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only. (Passage 3)

80. With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm! (Passage 3)

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.專家們說,伴隨著電視機長大的一代人,在電視機前花的時問太多,以至于沒有足夠的時間學習了。

82.父母沒有預料到孩子的問題這樣難回答。

83.你知道今天報紙上有一篇重要的文章嗎?

84.運動會已經延遲到下星期一了。

85.他連自己都養不活,更別說養家了。

選作題Ⅱ:

Part VWriting (15%)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "A Friend to Remember". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1.簡要地介紹你的一位朋友;

2.你懷念他/她的原因。

參考答案:

選作題I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

 1.B2.B3.D4.B5.B6.B7.B8.D9.Dl0.A11.Bl2.Al3.Al4.Al5.C

 Part IReading Comprehension

 Passage l

1.B事實細節題。第一段中提到林肯總統當時受到了很多批評,而且一點也不受歡迎。criti—cal“批評的,愛挑剔的”,所以A不對。

2.C推理判斷題。根據文章第一段的第五句,人們之所以出于禮貌請他做演講,就是因為他是總統。

3.B推理判斷題。從第二段可知,林肯是在路上寫的演講稿,并且當晚只是“briefly(簡單地)”修改了一下。由此可推斷出他當時很忙,沒有充足的準備時間。

4.D事實細節題。由三、四段可知,盡管林肯的演講最初并未成功,但這篇簡短的演說后來深入人心,不能說是徹底的失敗。

5.D事實細節題。根據最后一句話,林肯的演講是美國歷史上最偉大的演講之一,但并未說是最偉大的演講,所以選D。

Passage 2

 6.D歸納概括題。寫此文的目的可從文章的內容概括出來。文章第一段講的是當代人們過分信任計算機;第二段講人類應該依賴自己的大腦,不應把計算機看作是思考技能的替代品。綜上可知防止人們盲目地信任計算機才是本文的寫作目的。

7.A事實細節題。由第二段可知,作者在建議人們應依靠自己的大腦,對待計算機要持ques—tioning(敢于懷疑)的態度并采取double check(仔細檢查)的手段。所以選A,意思是要持理性懷疑態度,也就是不要盲目地完全依賴它。作者并沒有說完全不信任計算機,要

逐一核對答案,這樣計算機恐怕真的要扔掉了,所以B曲解了作者的用意。C(用電腦代替人腦)是作者在文中最反對的;D(僅將電腦用于商業)太片面了。

8.B推理判斷題。人類自己所擁有的“內部計算機”當然是指大腦以及大腦內所存儲的知識了。這也體現了作者反對用電腦代替人腦的寫作目的。

9.D事實細節題。0ver—trusting“過分信任的”。正如作者在第一段第三句所述,人類對待計算機的問題主要在于過分相信它并不愿挑戰它的權威性。challengin9“挑戰的”;psy-chological“心理的”;dramatic“戲劇性的”。

10.D推理判斷題。此類題須弄清作者的真正意圖。正如前面所述,作者提倡的并不是完全不信任計算機,而是不要盲目地完全依賴它。A、B、C三項都是以不同方式使用計算機,而作者并未完全否定計算機的使用,所以這三項都不能選。只有D(完全依賴計算機)才是作者不贊成的。

Passage 3

11.C推理判斷題。可用排除法。開篇第一句已清楚地說明游過英吉利海峽至少要九小時,所以A說少于四小時是不對的;第一段最后一句中有一個非常重要的詞,就是again。既然是again就說明建隧道、修大橋已不是新想法了,B也隨之被淘汰;根據文章第二段第一句,隧道可直達倫敦,不只到海岸線,D也排除了。而C是正確的,游過去當然要比坐船、乘飛機困難多了。

12.A事實細節題。根據文章第二段第二句,建隧道要比建大橋便宜得多。

13.B事實細節題。根據文章第二段第二句,隧道里只能供火車行走。

14.A事實細節題。根據文章第三段第四句,倫敦的船塢地都是disused(廢棄不用的)。

15.D事實細節題。文章最后一段倒數第二句,這條路能夠激活貿易,使倫敦成為歐洲的一個商業中心,所以當然會使倫敦繁榮起來。A顯然低估了這條通路的作用;B、C談到的作用都是負面的。

PartⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.B本題考查形近詞辨析。adapt to“適應…”;adopt及物動詞,不和to搭配,“采用,收養”;adept形容詞,“熟練的”;apt形容詞,“易于…的,靈敏的,靈巧的”。句意為:一個人必須盡最大努力去適應新環境。

17.D本題考查介詞短語辨析。in honor of“為表示對…的尊敬;為了紀念…”;in accordance with“按照,根據,與…一致”;in terms of“以…的觀點;就…而說”;in favor of“贊成,支持”。句意為:圣誕節通常是在l2月25日慶祝以紀念耶穌的出生。

18.D本題考查動詞搭配。take up“占據(時間,空間等),開始從事”;take away“帶走”;take in“收留,欺騙”;take over“接管”。句意為:醫院的醫生不會經常出去是因為他們的工作占據了他們所有的時間。

19.C本題考查動詞搭配。show up“出現,到場”;show off“炫耀,夸耀”;show in“領進(客人等)”;沒有“show down”這樣的詞組。句意為:你知道昨天晚會約翰為什么沒來嗎?

20.D本題考查動詞搭配。give up“放棄(念頭、希望等),戒掉”;give in“屈服,投降”;give away“贈送”。句意為:愚蠢的人總是覺得打消對別人的偏見很難。

21.D本題考查動詞搭配。get over“克服,痊愈,越過,做完”;get on“相處融洽,繼續”;get up“起床”;get to“到達”。句意為:他們把墻建得特別高,這樣這個小男孩就不能翻墻了。

22.B本題考查動詞搭配.go off“爆炸,(食物等)變質,消失”;go by“經過,遵照,依照”;go on“繼續”;go back“回去”。句意為:如果不把牛奶放進冰箱,它就可能變質。

23.A本題考查介詞用法。knock on/at the door“敲門”。句意為:我剛關上門就有入敲門。

24.C本題考查動詞短語。count on“依靠,依賴”;account for“對…做出解釋”。句意為:每位主管都需要一名他能信賴的助手,在他不在的時候替他處理可能出現的問題。

25.B本題考查動詞短語。be made up of“由…組成”;be made of“由…制成(看得出原材料)”;be made from“由…制成(看不出原材料)”。句意為:生物由細胞組成,細胞不會生長到原來大小的兩倍。

26.B本題考查連詞的用法。whatever“無論什么”;however“然而,無論怎樣”;whichever “無論哪一個”;if only“只要”。句意為:無論他們說什么,做你認為對的事吧!

27.C本題考查倒裝的用法。“so+助動詞/情態動詞+主語”用在肯定句中,表示前者的情況也同樣適用于后者,通常翻澤成“…也是”。如:l’m doing my homework,SO is he.我在做作業,他也是。句意為:我們的社會變了,人們也變了。

28.B本題考查倒裝的用法。當as表示“雖然,盡管”引導讓步狀語從句的時候,其所在分句往往用倒裝,將表語前置。though也可這樣用。如:Clever as/though he was,he failedin the exam.盡管他聰明,考試卻沒及格。句意為:盡管他還年輕,卻知道什么是正確的事情。

29.A本題考查hang的兩種過去式。hang表示“懸掛”時過去式和過去分詞都是hung;表示“吊死”時過去式和過去分詞都是hanged。此句中hang表示“懸掛”。句意為:因為昨天天氣好,她把洗的衣服掛在花園里。

30.B本題考查形近詞辨析。economical(adj.)“節約的,經濟的”;economic(adj.)“經濟(上)的,經濟學的”;economy(n.)“經濟”;economize(v.)“節約,節省”。句意為:他在用錢上很節省。

31.B本題考查同義詞辨析。fall down“(因不小心等)跌倒,摔倒”;drop“落下,下降”;slip專指“滑倒”;jump“跳”。句意為:嬰兒學走路時經常跌倒。

32.D本題考查except,except for,besides,beside之間的區別。besides“除…之外還有…”;except“除…之外(不包括在內)”;except for“整體除去某一點”;beside“在…旁邊”。句意為:除了英語之外,她還學日語和法語。

33.D本題考查動詞搭配。do one’s homework“做作業”;make mistakes“犯錯誤”。句意為:做作業,還要保證別犯錯誤。

34.D本題考查近義詞組辨析。be composed of“由…組成”;comprise“包括…,=be com.posed of”,本身不用被動語態;be made of“由…制成”;contain“包含”,但該詞未用第三人稱單數。句意為:我們所居住的單元房只有三個房間。

35.A本題考查動詞辨析。extend“擴充,延伸,伸展(領域,范圍等)”;increase“增加(數量等)”;rise“升高”。句意為:由于公司要做更多的生意,有必要擴建廠房。

36.D本題考查固定搭配。on guard“守衛,警惕,提防”。句意為:一個國家必須時刻提防間諜和入侵者。

37.D本題考查近義詞辨析。otherwise(adv.)“另外,否則”;0ther(actj./pron.)“其他的”;else(adj.)“別的,其他的”。句意為:我們必須在9點整離開晚會,否則上班就遲到了。

38.D本題考查lie和lay的過去式和過去分詞。lay表示“放置,產卵”,過去式和過去分詞是“laid,laid”;lie表示“躺,位于”過去式和過去分詞是“lay,lain”。句意為:他清楚地記得昨天把書放在她的書桌上了。

39.D本題考查反意疑問句。在I think,I believe,I suppose,I suspect等結構時,附加疑問部分和that分句中的謂語動詞保持對應關系,但要注意否定的轉移。

40.B本題考查動詞辨析。oblige“迫使”;result(in/from)“導致,由于”(后接名詞或動名詞);demand“要求”;recommend“推薦”。句意為:航班的取消迫使許多旅客在機場過夜。

41.A本題考查分詞的用法。主句的主語the three students與分詞的動作judge之間存在被動關系,即the three students被斷定是最好的,所以應用過去分詞做狀語。句意為:由于在最近的理科競賽中被認為是表現最好的,這三名同學共獲獎學金21,000美元。

42.B本題考查動詞搭配。tum to“向…求助”;turn up“出現,調高(音量等)”;turn on“打開(電器等)”;turn over“翻身”。句意為:我們吃的食物和喝的飲料中都含鹽;我們不用使用鹽瓶中的鹽就能從自然資源中滿足身體所需。

43.A本題考查would rather的用法。would rather后接三種形式:would rather do sth.(寧愿做…);would rather do sth.than do sth.;would rather that...(寧愿…)。句意為:無論多么小,我都想要一個自己的房問,而不愿和別人住在一起。

44.B本題考查連詞詞組的用法。SO long as“只要…就…”;in case“以防…”;as far as“根據…,就…而言”。句意為:只要讓他用他自己的方法做,他肯定能按時完成工作。

45.D本題考查名詞辨析。dimension“長、寬、厚、高度”;volume“卷,冊,體積,量,大量,音量”;magnitude“大小,數量,巨大,廣大,量級”;scope“范圍,范疇,領域;余地,機會”。句意為:依我看,你可以通過主動參加的方式來擴大改進范圍。

PartⅢIdentification

46.B語態錯誤,應改為proves。prove(to be)sth./adj./that…“被證明…”,本身包含被動的意思,所以通常不用be proved。

47.A單復數錯誤,應改為three-field。“數詞+名詞”構成的合成形容詞中,名詞要用單數。如:all 80-year-—old man。

48.C定語從句引導詞錯誤,應改為in which或that或省略引導詞。當way表示“方式”,后接定語從句的時候,引導詞有三種:in which,that或省略。

49.B虛擬語氣用法錯誤,應改為(should)meet。suggest表建議時,從句中用虛擬,其構成是should+動詞原形,should可省。

50.D虛擬語氣用法錯誤,應改為(should)be respected。在it is necessary/important that…(做…是必要的/重要的)句型中,要用虛擬語氣,其構成是should+動詞原形,should可省。

51.B主謂搭配錯誤,應改為confirms。主語從句做主語,謂語用單數。

52.C介詞搭配錯誤,應改為to。inferior to“次于,劣于”。、

53.D不定代詞用法錯誤,應改為anything。hardly是否定副詞,所以本句屬于否定句。在否定、疑問、條件句中應用anything,不能用something。

54.A時態錯誤,應改為lend。will之后跟動詞原形。

55.D主謂搭配錯誤,應改為is。physics“物理”。盡管以“一s”結尾,但它是單數。類似的還有politics,economics,news等。

PartⅣCloze

56.D by means of“通過…的方式/手段”,固定搭配。

57.A protect sb.against sth.“保護某人免受…的傷害”,固定搭配。從下文“protection against fire”也可以看出。

58.A a big/large/small sum of money“一大筆/小筆錢”。人們上保險的錢對于保險公司來說,是很小的數目,所以選A。

59.B pay money to sb.“向某人付錢”,固定搭配。

60.C四個選項都可修飾可數名詞。few“幾乎沒有”,表示否定;quite a few“相當多”;a few“少數幾個”;many“許多”。因為文中出現了only,就說明“有”,但“不多”,所以選C。

61.A out of“從…當中,出于”,如six out of ten(十分之六)。該句意思是“保險公司從收到的保險金里拿出一部分支付給這些家庭。”

62.D form“形成,組建”;recognize“認識到,認出,識別出”;found“建立”,但可惜的是該詞是原形,沒有用過去分詞,與原句中的“was”構成被動語態;而come into being“產生”沒有被動語態。

63.C destroy表示“破壞,毀壞,消滅”,程度較深,一般無法挽救;injure通常指“人受傷”;hurt往往指“(人心理、感情)受到傷害”;harm“損害,傷害”,但此詞比destroy程度輕很多。1666年倫敦的那場大火在歷史上都是罕見的,所以該用destroyed。

64.C further“進一步的,更深一層的”;longer“更長的,更久的”;farther“更遠的”,指距離;deeper“更深的”。人們害怕再有進一步的損失,所以選c。

65.B soon“不久”,強調時間快;quickly“很快地”,強調動作迅速;immediately“立即,馬上”,強調立竿見影。

66.B suggest“建議,提出”;insist(on doing)/that…“堅持做認為…”;advise“勸告,忠告”;want“想要”。聯系上下文,B符合題意。

67.C根據下文中出現的crops可知,應是farmers。

68.A by“通過,經過”。意即“經過暴風雨后造成的糧食損失”。

69.D another“又一,再一”,修飾名詞單數。前面有了一項火災保險,又制定了一項新的保險應用another來表示。0ther往往修飾復數名詞,表示“其他的”;the other往往和one相搭配,表示“一個…,另一個…”;0thers則表示“其他人,其他物”,是復數,后不能再跟名詞。

70.A Hfe insurance“人身保險”。

71.A regularly“定期地”,保險費是定期收取的。

72.A still“仍然,仍舊”;yet“然而”,表轉折;already“已經”;often“經常”。

73.C benefit from“從…中受益”;hear from“收到某人來信”;pay和offer都是及物動詞,不與from連用。該句意思是“人們從許多種類的保險中受益。”

74.A such as“諸如,像”,固定搭配,表列舉。

75.C some“某一個”,表不確指,后跟單數名詞。也可說a certain。該句意思是幾乎每個人都上了某種保險。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.他們開始欣賞它簡單的形式和深刻的含義。這篇演講稿只有林肯才能寫得出。

77.在戰后初期,一個如今看來像是計算機史前時期的時代,人們普遍地擔心有一天計算機會從人類手中接管世界。

78.顯然,如果所有的答案都需要核對的話,買電腦就沒有意義了,但人們也應該依賴自己的“內部電腦”,并在感覺出問題的時候檢查一下機器。

79.建大橋的開支要比修隧道大得多,但是在橋上既可以通火車也可以通汽車,而在隧道里卻只能通火車。

80.有了海峽上的這條通道,你可以在英國買魚和薯片,到了法國吃的時候它們還是熱的!

Section B

81. The experts say that the generation growing up with TV spend too much time in front of TV sets to find enough time to study.

82. The parents did not expect that their child' s question was so difficult to answer.

83. Do you know that there is an important article in today' s newspaper?

84. The sports meet has been put off fill next Monday.

85. He can' t even support himself, let alone a family.

選作題Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

A Friend to Remember

 Sophia was one of my best friends in college. She was a tall girl with big eyes and short hair.

Her family was poor because her father died when she was still a child. In spite of this, she was very optimistic and never lost heart. She struck people as a strong-minded and self-confident girl.

And that was why I admired her a lot. One of her favorite quotations was "tomorrow is another day" and she always encouraged herself with Scarlett' s spirit when she was faced with difficulties.

 We had a lot in common. We both liked singing, reading and shopping. Singing songs to-gether with her was a lot of fun. I enjoyed my college life very much with her company. Now she is working in another city, and we hardly have any chance to see each other. However, she will al-ways be my best friend.


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