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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(九)

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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(九).doc

選作題I:

 Part IDialogue Communication (15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, eueh fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete th dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Anny: Do you still have a headache, Mike?

Mike: Yes, I do. And now I have a fever and cough constantly.

Anny:__________

A. That' s very regretful.

B. That' s pitiful.

C. That' s too bad.

D. That' s a pity.

2. Bus Driver: Move to the back of the bus, please. There are plenty of seats.

Passenger:__________

Bus Driver: Forty cents. Drop it in the box?

A. What is the price, please?

B. What shall be the fee, please?

C. How much does it cost, please?

D. How much is the fare, please?

3. W: Have you had the brakes( 剎車 ) and tires(輪胎) checked? And do you have enough money?

M:__________

A. No. !' m going to buy some brakes and tires.

B. I' ve taken care of everything and I' m sure it' s going to be a wonderful trip.

C. I' ll buy some traveler' s checks for my trip.

D. I have finished the brakes and tires and I have no problem with money.

4. W: Could you please make up this prescription(藥方) for me?

M:__________

A. No. You need to see a doctor first.

B. Yes. You can buy the medicine from the drugstore at the comer.

C. Well. It is prescribed clearly in that book.

D. Certainly, I' 11 do it for you right away.

5. Speaker A: Good to see you. You look more fit and better.

Speaker B :__________

A. Thanks. I had a lot of exercise and drank vegetable juice every day.

B. Sorry. I don' t think I am more fit. Actually, I caught a bad cold.

C. Yes. I' m much more fit. And you?

D. I' m glad to see you too, though I' m not much better that ever before.

6. Kate: Hello. Could I speak to Jane, Please?

Jane :__________

A. Yes, you could.

B. Speaking.

C. Who are you?

D. Speak, Please.

7. M : Can I see a demonstration of this tape recorder?

W:__________

A. No, I am afraid you can' t.

B. Sure. It is very easy to operate.

C. All right, sir. Here you go.

D. That' s all right. But we can' t break it up.

8. Woman: Thank you very much for your help.

Man:__________

A. Never mind.

B. Not at all.

C. It doesn' t matter.

D. No thanks.

9. Speaker A: I' ve just heard that the tickets for Swan Lake have been sold out.

Speaker B : Oh, no !__________

A. It doesn' t matter.

B. It' s not at all interesting.

C. I was looking forward to it.

D. I knew it already.

10. Speaker A: Excuse me, Professor Smith, can you spare me a few minutes? There' s something I' d like to speak to you about. I won' t keep you long.

Speaker B :__________

A. Of course not. Haven' t you seen have been pretty busy now?

B. Well, I' m afraid we have to find some other time. I' m fully occupied now.

C. No. I' 11 have an important meeting to attend this evening. D. Not possible, as I don' t know how long you will keep me.

11. Speaker A: East Bouren 54655.

 Speaker B : Hello. John here. Can I speak to Mary, please?

 A:__________

 B: OK.

A. Who's that speaking?

B. Could you take a message?

C. Hold the line, please

D. I think she' s gone shopping.

12. W: I' m terribly sorry I' m late. I had rather a difficult time finding your office.

 M:__________

 A. Saying sorry won' t be enough for being late. You have to account for what you' ve done.

 B. That' s all right. Please sit down and I' 11 start to ask you a few questions.

 C. You needn' t saying sorry. It' s often the case.

 D. Put on your name in the attendance record and go to your work.

13. Jack:__________

 Lora: I'm an engineer.

 Jack: Oh, are you?

 Lora: How about you?

 Jack: I work for a trading company.

A. How are you doing?

B. What do you do?

C. How do you do?

D. What are you doing?

14. Speaker A: Allow me to introduce Dr. Jones to you.

 Speaker B :__________

 A. I' m much pleased to make you an acquaintance.

 B. That' s all right. I' m Jim Watson.

 C. Thank you for your introduction.

 D. I' d like to express my thanks to you.

15. Doctor:__________

 Patient: I' ve caught a bad cold and got a sour throat.

 A. Do you have anything to declare, sir?

 B. Good morning. May I help you?

 C. How have you been getting along recently?

 D. What seems to be the problem?

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the.following passage:

There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large citieswith factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is literally worldwide. ( 76 ) On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution. Some scien-tists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) is creating a "greenhouse effect"--conserving heat reflected from the earth and raising the world' s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world' s tempera- ture is raised only a few degrees, much of the polar ice cap will melt and cities such as New York,Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water.

(77) Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is blocking sunlight and lowering the earth' s temperature--a result that would be equally disastrous.

A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would make agri-culture difficult or impossible in many of our top fanning areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen (though one recent government report drafted by experts in the field concluded that the greenhouse effect is very possible ). Perhaps, if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset each other and the world' s temperature will stay about the same as it is now.

1. As pointed out at the beginning of the passage, people used to think that air pollution__________.

A. caused widespread damage in the countryside

B. affected the entire eastern half of the United States

C. had damaging effect on health

D. existed merely in urban and industries areas

2. As to the greenhouse effect, the author__________.

A. shares the same view with the scientists

B. is uncertain of its occurrence

C. rejects it as bein~ ungrounded

D. thinks that it will destroy the world soon

3. The word "offset" in the second paragraph could be replaced by__________.

A. slip into

B. make up for

C. set up

D. catch up with

4. It can be concluded that__________.

A. raising the world' s temperature only a few degrees would not do much harm to life on earth

B. lowering the world' s temperature merely a few degrees would lead many major farming areas to disaster

C. almost no temperature variations have occurred over the past decade

D. the world' s temperature will remain constant in the years to come

5. This passage is primarily about__________.

A. the greenhouse effect

B. the burning of fossil fuels

C. the potential effect of air pollution

D. the likelihood of a new ice age

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage :

Harriet Beecher Stowe had poured her heart into her anti-slavery book," Uncle Tom' s Cab-in". But neither she nor her first publisher thought it would be a big success. (78)The publisher was so doubtful that he wanted her to split the publishing costs with him, and all she hoped was that it would make enough money for her to buy a new silk dress.

But when the first 5,000 copies were printed in 1852, they sold out in two days. In a year the book had sold 300,000 copies in the United States and 150,000 in England. For a while it outsold(銷得比... 多) every book in the world, except the Bible.

Within six months of its release, a play was made from the book which ran 350 performances in New York and remained America'. s most popular play for 80 years.

( 79 ) It might appear that" Uncle Tom' s Cabin" was universally popular, but this was certainly not true. Many people during those pre-Civil War days--particularly defenders of the slavery sys-tem-condemned it as false propaganda and poorly written melodrama(傳奇劇作品).

Harriet did have strong religious views against slavery ( When asked how she came to write the book, she replied," God wrote it. "), and she tried to convince people slavery was wrong, so per-haps the book could be considered propaganda. But if so, it was true propaganda, because it accu-rately described the evils of slavery.

Though she was born in Connecticut, 1832, as a young woman she moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, when her father accepted the presidency of newly founded Lane Theological Seminary( 神學 院). Ohio was a free state, but just across the Ohio River in Kentucky, Harriet saw slavery in ac-

tion. She lived 18 years in Cincinnati, marrying Calvin Stowe, professor of a college. In 1851, Harriet Beecher Stowe began her book.

Its vast influence strengthened the anti-slavery movement and angered defenders of the slave system. Today some historians(歷史學家) think that it helped bring on the American Civil War.

In fact, when Abraham Lincoln met Harriet at the White House during the Civil War, he said,"So, this is the little lady who started this big war. "

6. Before the publication of the book "Uncle Tom' s Cabin"__________.

A. Harriet knew that it would be a great success

B. the publisher wanted Harriet to publish it at her own expense

C. nobody knew that it would become a very popular book

D. no publisher wanted to publish this anti-slavery book

7. Some people did not like "Uncle Tom's Cabin" chiefly because__________.

A. the author was merely an unknown little lady

B. they thought it was mere propaganda

C. the book was poorly written

D. the book might lead to a terrible war

8. Han'iet Beecher Stowe was able to describe the evils of slavery because__________.

A. she had lived for 18 years in a state where slavery was legal

B. she had suffered quite a lot under the slavery system

C. she had witnessed what happened under the slavery system

D. she had read a lot about the slavery system

9. When Abraham Lincoln called Harriet "the little lady who started this big war", he__________.

A. thought that she was almost a war criminal

B. was talking about the great influence her book had produced

C. was blaming her for the miseries the people had suffered during the war

D. was praising her for the contributions she had made during the war

10. The writer wrote the passage in order to__________.

 A. expose the evils of the slavery system

 B. condemn all kinds of war

 C. describe people' s life in Harriet' s time

 D. tell us how Harriet wrote her famous book

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

"Equal pay for equal work" is a phrase used by the American women who feel that they are unfairly treated by society. They say it is not right for women to be paid less than men for the same work.

Some people say men have more duties than women. A married man is thought to earn money to support his family and to make the important decision, so it is right for them to be paid more.

Some are even against married women working at all. When wives go out to work, they say, the home and children are given no attention to. (80) If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the thing.s they are best at doing: makinga nice home and bringing up children.

Women who disagree say they want to escape from the limited place which society wishes them to fill and to have freedom to choose between work and home life, or a mixture of the two.

Women have the right not only to equal pay but also to equal chances.

11. The women use the phrase "equal pay for equal work" to ask society to__________.

 A. pay men less than women

 B. give women harder work

 C. pay men and women the same amount of money for the same work

 D. pay people more who do harder work

12. Some people believe that__________.

 A. women can' t do what men can

 B. men have to work much harder than women

 C. men can earn money more easily than women

 D. men' s duties are different from women' s

13. Some people holding even stronger opinions say that__________.

 A. women should be kind to their husbands

 B. women are too weak to take full-time jobs

 C. home is the best pace for women

 D. women should only take part-time jobs

14. The women who disagree say that__________.

 A. women need chances to go out of the home more often

 B. women want more freedom in deciding what kind of life they want

 C. women are no longer interested in taking care of their homes

 D. if women are given equal pay, they can do everything instead of men

15. According to this passage some women want to give up __________.

 A. their present position in society

 B. their marriage

 C. their right to equal pay

 D. their home life

 Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. They discussed the problem three or four times, but could come to no__________.

A. end

B. conclusion

C. result

D. judgment

17. You will be late__________you leave immediately.

A. unless

B. until

C. if

D. or

18. Don' t __________the camera unless you are sure you can put it together.

A. take...off

B. work...out

C. set...off

D. take...apart

19. Please keep an eye on my luggage, and I' ll be back__________.

A. in time

B. in no time

C. at one time

D. at a time

20. Lying in hospital, the patient __________the outside world by watching news programs on TV every day.

A. kept in touch with

B. faced up

C. turned the clock back

D. slowed down

21. We felt very sad when we heard the news that the __________manager was killed in his office yesterday.

A. respectful

B. respectable

C. respective

D. respecting

22. His__________of the aeroplane was correct in every detail and could really fly.

A. shape

B. pattern

C. design

D. model

23. If you __________your demand, then maybe you will have more chance of getting what you want.

A. conduct

B. dismiss

C. grant

D. moderate

24. The storm sweeping over this area now is sure to cause __________of vegetables in the coming days.

A. rarity

B. scarcity

C. invalidity

D. variety

25. Expected noises are usually more__________ than unexpected ones of the like magnitude.

A. manageable

B. controllable

C. tolerable

D. perceivable

26. The government placed__________on the numbers of foreign cars that could be imported.

A. limitations

B. restraint

C. requirements

D. restrictions

27. At first the institute refused to purchase the telescope, but this decision was __________revised.

A. occasionally

B. consequently

C. successively

D. subsequently

28. __________student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

A. Each

B. Either

C. Any

D. One

29. According to the weather forecast, which is usually __________ , it will snow this afternoon.

A. accurate

B. precise

C. exact

D. perfect

30.__________ the fog, we should have reached our destination.

A. Because of

B. In spite of

C. In case of

D. But for

31. The children will have to__________their play-time hours when school opens.

A. cut in

B. cut up

C. cut on

D. cut down

32. I could not afford to rent a house like that,__________ it.

A. let alone to buy

B. let alone buy

C. to say nothing to buy

D. say nothing buying

33. Please let us have more time,__________?

A. shall we

B. will you

C. won' t you

D. don' t you

34. He spoke English so well that I took it __________that he was an American.

A. for granted

B. as tree

C. for certain

D. as such

35. The interviewer should take down notes at the moment the person __________answers the ques- tions.

A. to be interviewed

B. interviewing

C. being interviewed

D. interviewed

36. You will never guess whom I __________on the street yesterday.

A. ran over

B. ran out of

C. ran into

D. ran up to

37. I don' t think it is any use __________this matter any further.

A. discussing

B. to discuss

C. to discussing

D. to be discussed

38. The opening between the rocks was very narrow, but the boys managed to __________through.

A. press

B. squeeze

C. stretch

D. leap

39. Because of the poor harvest, wheat prices have __________in the last six months.

A. added

B. jumped

C. amounted

D. developed

40. Many players who had been highly thought of have__________ from the tennis scene.

A. disposed

B. disappeared

C. discouraged

D. discarded

41. All their attempts to __________the child from the burning building were in vain.

A. regain

B. recover

C. rescue

D. reserve

42.The__________ goal of the book is to help bridge the gap between research and teaching, partic- ularly the gap between researchers and teachers.

A. joint

B. intensive

C. overall

D. decisive

43. What makes the space shuttle__________ is that it takes off like a rocket but lands like an air-plane.

A. exceptional

B. strange

C. unique

D. rare

44. The chances of discovering life on Neptune are about a million__________.

A. at one

B. for one

C. to one

D. against one

45. They did not find__________to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.

A. worth their while

B. it worthwhile

C. it worth

D. it worthy

Part ⅣCldentification ( 10 % )

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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 Part IVCloze ( 10% )

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

The United States56a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Can-ada57the north,58Mexico to the south.59the United States is a big country, it' s not the largest in the world. In 1964 its60was over 185,000,000.

When this land first became a nation, after61independence from England, it had thirteen states,62of the states was represented on the American flag by a63. All the states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew towards the west, new states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew towards the west, new states were added and new stars64on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 states. In 1959, however, two65 stars were added to the flag66the new states67Alaska and Hawaii.

Sometimes68is said that the Indians are the only real Americans. Most Americans, how-ever, are descendants(后代) of people69came from all over the world to find a new70 in a new land.71who came first and72greatest numbers to make their home73the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. It is74that reason that the lan-guage of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like75of Eng-land than of any other country in the world.

56. A. does

B. makes

C. covers

D. gives

57. A. to

B. in

C. at

D. from

58. A. or.

B. and

C. either

D. nor

59. A. Although

B. As

C. Because

D. Now that

60. A. nation

B. people

C. persons

D. population

61. A. doing

B. winning

C. giving

D. making

62. A. every

B. all

C. each

D. some

63. A. satellite

B. moon

C. planet

D. star

64. A. disappeared

B. appeared

C. were disappeared

D. were appeared

65. A. less

B. More

C. another

D. others

66. A. represents

B. represented

C. represent

D. representing

67. A. of

B. from

C. between

D. by

68. A. this

B. that

C. It

D. such

69. A. which

B. who

C. those

D. whom

70. A. work

B. land

C. life

D. star

71. A. There

B. This

C. Those

D. That

72. A. on

B. in

C. by

D. for

73. A. on

B. in

C. over

D. of

74. A. because of

B. because

C. for

D. from

75. A. these

B. those

C. the one

D. that

Part VTranslation (20 % )

Section A

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken frorn the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentra- tion of manufacturing and automobile traffic. ( Passage 1 )

77. Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is bloc- king sunlight and lowering the earth' s temperature--a result that would be equally disastrous.( Passage 1 ) ~

78. The publisher was so doubtful that he wanted her to split the publishing costs with him, and all she hoped was that it would make enough money for her to buy a new silk dress. ( Passage 2 )

79. It might appear that" Uncle Tom' s Cabin" was universally popular, but this was certainly not true. ( Passage 2 )

80. If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the things they are best at doing: making a nice home and bringing up children. (Passage 3)

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.他努力控制住自己的感情,假裝沒有聽見那個令人悲痛的消息。

82.就業余愛好而言,珍妮和她妹妹幾乎沒有什么共同之處。

83.這個房間比那個房間大3倍。

84.如果讓我來決定我們是要一個沒有自行車的城市,還是要一個沒有汽車的城市,我會毫不猶豫地選擇后者。

85.無論多么困難,我也不會失去信心。

選作題Ⅱ:

Part VWriting (15%)

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Good Stud-y Habits".You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :

1.應當培養良好的學習習慣;

2.一些最基本的學習方法;

3.在交流中學習。

參考答案:

選作題I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.C2.D3.B4.D5.A6.B7.B8.B9.Cl0.B11.Cl2.Bl3.Bl4.Cl5.D

 Part IReading Comprehension

Passage l

1.D事實細節題。根據文中第一句,以前人們都認為空氣污染只會影響那些有眾多工廠和嚴重交通堵塞現象的大城市及其周邊地區,所以選D。根據下文,A、B、C都是后來人們意識到的。

2.B推理判斷題。根據文章第一段最后兩句,作者引用了一些科學家的觀點,空氣中二氧化碳的增多會導致溫室效應。然后作者提出一種假設,如果這是真的的話,那么南極的冰雪就會融化,將紐約等城市淹沒。然而對這種觀點的正確性從文章很難看出。另外文中第二段第三句提到“今天我們還不能確定這兩種情況能否發生…”,所以作者的態度應是“uncertain”。

3.B推理判斷題。即使不認識“0ffset”這個詞,我們也可通過上下文猜出來。文章提到的兩種可能性一是全球變暖,一是全球降溫,只有這兩種可能性相互抵消,即冷暖相互彌補,才能出現最后一句的“氣溫和現在一樣正常”。所以選B(make up for“彌補”)。slip into“滑進”;set up“建立,創造”;catch up with“追上,趕上”。

4.B推理判斷題。文章第二段第二句提到降溫幾度就能導致農業生產困難甚至無法生產,這對農業來說無疑是巨大的災難,所以B正確;根據第一段,溫室效應可能導致南極的冰雪融化,將紐約等城市淹沒,所以A(全球變暖不會給地球生活帶來危害)是不正確的;根據常識,近幾十年氣溫在逐漸升高,所以C也不對;作者在文中提到空氣污染嚴重影響全球氣溫的變化,所以只要污染存在,氣溫就不可能恒定不變,D說得太絕對了。

5.C歸納概括題。文章第一段提到地球的氣溫可能受到空氣污染的影響,接下來談到兩種因空氣污染可能造成的后果,所以應選C“空氣污染可能帶來的影響”。其他三個選項都只是文章主題的一個方面。

Passage 2

6.C事實細節題。從文章第一段可知,在《湯姆叔叔的小屋》出版前沒有人知道這本書能成功。

7.B事實細節題。從文章第四段第二句可知,主要是奴隸制的捍衛者不喜歡這本反對奴隸制的小說,他們認為該小說“只是虛假的宣傳”。所以選B。

8.C事實細節題。根據文章第六段第二句,斯坨夫人“親眼目睹了奴隸制”。其余選項文章中都沒有提到。

9.B推理判斷題。根據文章倒數第二段,一些歷史學家認為《湯姆叔叔的小屋》推動了美國內戰的發生。當林肯說“這個小女人發起了這次戰爭”的時候,他也是在談這本書的影響。所以選B。

10.D推理判斷題。文章的寫作目的要從文章的內容來判斷。文章從《湯姆叔叔的小屋》出版前作者和出版人的沒有絲毫把握談起,然后寫這本書的成功以及遭到的攻擊,接下來是作者寫該書的背景,最后寫它的影響。可見作者只是單純客觀地介紹《湯姆叔叔的小屋》及其作者,所以選D,與其他的無關。

Passage 3

11.C事實細節題。根據文章的第一段,“同工同酬”是指“女人做與男人同樣的工作而得到比男人少的酬勞是不對的”,即應得到同樣的酬勞。

12.D事實細節題。根據文章的第二段第一句,“有人說男人的責任比女人多”。所以選D。其他的選項與本題無關。

13.C事實細節題。根據文章的第二段第三句,“有些人甚至反對已婚婦女工作”,意即讓她們待在家里,所以選C。其他的選項都不符合題意。

14.B事實細節題。根據文章的最后一段,反對男女不平等的婦女認為“她們想逃脫社會賦予她們的這個有限空間,自由地選擇去工作還是做家庭婦女”,意即她們想得到更多的自由來選擇過什么樣的生活。其他的選項都不切題意。

15.A推理判斷題。從全文的內容來看,婦女們想得到與男人同樣的權利,所以她們要放棄的應是“目前的社會地位”,而不是她們的“婚姻”、“平等酬勞的權利”、“家庭生活”。

Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.B本題考查名詞辨析。come to a conclusion“得出結論”,固定搭配;come to no conclusion“沒得出結論”。come to an end“結束”,一般不說come to no end。result“結果”;judg—ment“判斷”,后兩個詞不和come to相搭配。句意為:這個問題他們討論了三四次,但沒能得出結論。

17.A本題考查連詞辨析。可轉化為If you don’t leave immediately,you will be late。B、D句意不對,且or表轉折,A意為“除非”。句意為:除非你立即走,否則你就會遲到。

18.D本題考查動詞短語辨析。take sth.apart“把…拆開”;take…off…“把…從…上取下來”;work out“做出,制定出”;set off“動身,起程”。句意為:除非你有把握能重新組裝到一塊,要不然不要拆開相機。

19.B本題考查介詞短語辨析。in no time“立刻,馬上”,可以和過去時、將來時搭配;in time“及時”;at one time“曾經”,用在過去時中;at a time“一次”,表頻率。句意為:請照看一下我的行李,我馬上回來。

20.A本題考查動詞短語辨析。keep in touch with“與…保持聯系”;face up往往和to搭配,表示“勇敢面對”;turn the clock back“把時間調回…”;slow down“慢下來”。句意為:躺在醫院里,這位病人每天靠收看電視新聞節目與外界保持聯系。

21.B本題考查同根詞辨析。四個詞的詞根都是respect,但各有各的含義。respectable“可敬的,值得別人尊敬或尊重的”;respectful“尊重別人的;表示敬意的”;respective“分別的,各自的”;respecting(prep.),“關系,說到”。根據句意,應選respectable。句意為:聽到那位令人尊敬的經理昨天在辦公室被殺害的消息,我們都很傷心。

22.D本題考查名詞辨析。model“模型,模范”;shape“外形,形狀”;pattern“圖案”;design“設計,圖案”。四個詞中,只有model能夠真正地飛起來,符合題意。句意為:他的飛機模型在各個細節上都很正確,而且真的能飛起來。

23.D本題考查動詞辨析。moderate“緩和,調和,減少…激烈、嚴厲或極端的程度”;conduct“引導,管理,為人,傳導”;dismiss“解散,下課,開除,解職”;grant“同意,準予,承認”。句意為:如果你能降低一點要求,可能你會有更多機會得到你想要的。

24.B本題考查名詞辨析。scarcity“缺乏,不足”;rarity“奇事,珍品,奇物;稀少”(強調稀有,罕見);invalidity“無效”;variety“變化,多樣性”。句意為:橫掃這個地區的暴風雨肯定會造成近期內蔬菜缺乏。

25.D本題考查形容詞辨析。perceivable“可感知的”;manageable“易處理的,易管理的”;controllable“可操縱的,可控制的”;tolerable“可容忍的”。句意為:在同等分貝條件下,預先知道的聲音要比預料不到的聲音更容易感覺到。

26.D本題考查名詞辨析。limitation“局限性”;restraint“抑制,克制”;requirement“要求,需求”;restriction“限制,約束”。政府能實施的應該是“restriction”。句意為:政府對進口外國汽車的數量進行限制。

27.D本題考查副詞辨析。subsequently“后來,隨后”;occasionally“有時,偶爾”;consequently“從而,因此”;successively“接連地,連續地”。句意為:最初這家學院拒絕購買望遠鏡,但后來這個決定被改變了。

28.C本題考查不定代詞的用法。any強調“任何一個”;each“每一個”;either“兩者之中任一”;one“一個”。句意為:任何一個有點常識的學生都應該能回答這個問題。

29.A本題考查形容詞辨析。accurate“正確無誤的,可以提供正確的讀數或度量的”,如an accurate scale精確的天平;precise“精確的,正確的”,如在實行、實施或數量上很準確的,如a precise measurement/a precise instrument精確的測量/精密儀器;exact“確切的,嚴格的”;perfect“完美的,理想的”。天氣預報應屬于accurate的范疇。句意為:根據通常都很準確的天氣預報,今天下午會下雪。

30.D本題考查虛擬語氣的用法。but for+名詞/代詞,“要不是因為…”,提出與事實相反的假設,相當于一個條件狀語從句,所在句子常用虛擬語氣。其他的結構都不用虛擬語氣。從主句“we should have reached our destination”可判斷,該句使用了虛擬語氣,所以選D。句意為:要不是下霧,我們就到達目的地了。

31.D本題考查動詞短語辨析。cut down“砍倒,削減,減少”;cut in“打斷”;cut up“切碎”。句意為:學校開學孩子們不得不減少玩的時問。

32.B本題考查let alone的用法。let alone“更不用說”,后可接名詞或動詞原形。句意為:那樣的房子我租都租不起,更不用說買了。

33.B本題考查反義疑問句的用法。Let us…,will you?表示說話人請求聽話人讓其做某事,意思是“讓我們做…,行嗎?”但如果是Let’s…,shall we?表示說話人向聽話人提出建議,要求聽話人與其一起做某事。句意為:請多給我點時間,好嗎?

34.A本題考查固定搭配。take sth.for granted“認為…理所當然”。句意為:他說英語說得那么好,我想當然認為他是個美國人。

35.C本題考查分詞的用法。因為“person”和“interview”之間存在被動的關系,B被排除了;to be interviewed表示“將要被面試的”,時態不對;interviewed表示“已面試完了的”,時態也不對。being interviewed表示“正在被面試的”,時態、語態都對。句意為:當面試者回答問題時,面試官應做記錄。

36.C本題考查動詞短語辨析。i'un into=l'un across“偶然遇見…”;run over“(車輛)軋過,壓過”;run out of“用完,用光”。句意為:你永遠也猜不到我昨天在街上遇到誰了。

37.A本題考查it is no use doing sth.句型。it is no use doing sth.“做某事沒用”。句意為:我認為沒必要繼續討論這個問題了。

38.B本題考查動詞辨析。squeeze“擠進,塞進,緊塞”;press“壓,按,推”;stretch“拉緊,拉長”;leap“跳,跳躍”。句意為:兩塊石頭之間的縫隙很窄,但那幾個男孩還是擠了過去。

39.B本題考查動詞辨析。jump“跳躍,上漲”;add“增加,把…加到一起”;amount(常和to搭配)“總共,總計”;develop“發展,發達”。能和prices搭配的只有jump。句意為:由于收成不好,小麥的價格在過去的半年里上漲了。

40.B本題考查動詞辨析。disappear(vi.)“消失,不見”;dispose“(一般和of連用)處理,解決”;discourage(vt.),“使氣餒”;discard(vt.)“丟棄,拋棄”,如果用該詞的話,應用被動。disappear無論在語法和含義上都符合。句意為:許多曾被高度贊揚的球員從網球場上消失了身影。

41.C本題考查動詞辨析。rescue sb.from sth.“從…當中援救…”,固定搭配;regain“收回,恢復”;recoverfrom…“從…當中恢復”;reserve“保存,保留,預定”。句意為:他們從著火的大樓里援救這個孩子的所有努力全都白費了。

42.C本題考查形容詞辨析。overall“全部的,全面的”;joint“共同的,聯合的”;intensive“強烈的”;decisive“決定性的”。從詞義上來看,應選0verall。句意為:這本書總的目的是幫助彌補研究和教學之間的差距,尤其是研究員和教師之間的差距。

43.C本題考查形容詞辨析。unique“惟一的,獨特的,獨一無二的”(強調與眾不同);excep—tional“例外的,不尋常的”(強調非凡的,優異的);s仃ange“陌生的,奇怪的,奇異的”(強調奇怪);rare“稀罕的,杰出的”(強調稀有)。所以unique最合適。句意為:航天飛機的獨特之處在于它像火箭一樣起飛而像飛機那樣降落。

44.D本題考查介詞的用法。against常用來表示“機會,幾率”的百分比,to常常表示比分中的“幾比幾”。句意為:在海王星上發現生命的幾率是百萬分之一。

45.B本題考查句子結構以及worth和worthwhile的區別。it在本句中是形式賓語,worth—while是賓語補足語。worth一般不單獨使用,往往構成“worth+錢”或“worth doing”的結構中,表示“值…錢”或“某事值得被做”,因此在本句中不合適。worthy在“worthy to do”或“woahy of sth./doing sth.”的結構中表示“值得做的”,做定語修飾名詞時表示“可敬的,相稱的”,所以也不符合題意。只有worthwhile“值得做的,值得出力的”在語法和含義上都符合。句意為:他們覺得為可能遇到的最壞情況做準備不值得。

Part mIdentification

46.C動詞用法錯誤,應改為objected to,因為object表“反對”時是不及物動詞。object to sth./doing sth.反對某事(做某事)。

47.D代詞位置錯誤,應改為put it out。“動詞+副詞”短語接代詞賓語時,代詞要放在動詞和副詞之問。

48.B強調句型連接詞錯誤,應改為that。強調句型的構成是“it is(was)+被強調部分+that/who+其他”,強調人時可以用who,此外都要用that連接,而不能用別的連詞。

49.C介詞搭配錯誤,應改為in much the same way。in the same way“以同樣的方式”,固定搭配。

50.C主謂搭配錯誤,應改為was。主語中心詞是one,故用單數。

51.B并列結構錯誤,應改為not only finished。not only…but also…“不僅…而且…”,用來連接句中兩個并列的成分。在本句中not only…but also…連接的是兩個并列的謂語動詞,即finish和read。因此not only應放在finished之前。

52.A連詞用法錯誤,應改為Each time。each time…“每次…”,這個名詞短語本身可以起連詞的作用,可以引導時間狀語從句。類似的還有the moment…。

53.C短語搭配錯誤,應改為just as much。as…as…“和…一樣…,像…一樣…”,用來表示同級比較,其否定形式是not S0…as…。該句是肯定句,所以用as…as…。

54.D動詞單復數搭配錯誤,應改為dares。dare既可用作情態動詞也可以用作實義動詞。dare用作情態動詞時無人稱和數的變化,后直接加動詞原形。用作實義動詞時有人稱和數的變化,后接動詞時應加to。本題中既然dare之后有to,就說明dare是個實義動詞,所以應用單數。用法相似的動詞還有need。

55.C并列結構錯誤,應改為going。“在好飯店吃飯”和“之后去看戲”是enjoy的兩個并列的賓語,而習慣上enjoy后加doing的形式,所以第二個賓語應是going。

Part IVcloze

56.C cover“覆蓋”,在本句中指美國占據北美大陸的很大一部分面積。其他三個詞都與本意無關,所以選C。

57.A表示兩個地區的位置有三個介詞:in,to,on。in表示兩者存在所屬或包含的關系(如臺灣和中國的關系),to表示兩地相鄰但不接壤(如中國和日本的關系),on表示相鄰fi接壤(如中國和越南的關系)。因選項中沒有on,就只能選to,表相鄰。

58.B本句列舉了美國的兩個鄰國,一個是加拿大,另一個是墨西哥,兩者應是并列的關系,所以應選and。

59.A“美國是個大國”與“它不是世界上最大的國家”兩個分句間很顯然是轉折的關系,所以應選although,只有它表轉折。now that=since“現在,既然”,表原因。

60.D population“人口,人口數量”,其余的都不能表達此意。

61.Bwin independence“贏得獨立”,其他三個詞都與本意無關,所以選B。

62.c本句意思是美國獨立后有13個州,每個州都在美國國旗上有所表現。謂語動詞是was,意味著主語是單數,這樣排除了all和some。而every一般不與of連用,所以只能選each。

63.D該空可根據常識來判斷美國國旗上的星代表的是美國的州。如果沒有這個常識可從下文“當美國擴展到西部之后,新的州加入進來,就有新的星加到國旗上”來推斷。

64.B本句含義是當美國擴展到西部之后,新的州加入進來,就有新的星出現在國旗上。由于appear(出現)是個不及物動詞,所以不能用被動語態,所以選B。

65.B two more stars“又多了兩顆星”。another表示“又,再”的時候,往往放數詞之前,應說 “another two stars”。

66.D representing the new states“代表著兩個新州”,該結構是現在分詞短語,修飾stars,因為stars和represent之間是主動關系,所以用現在分詞來表示。

67.A介詞of在此處表示同位關系,即the new states就是指Alaska和Hawaii。又如:the city of Beijing北京市。

68.C It is said that…“據說”,其中it做形式主語。英語中形式主語和形式賓語只能由it來充當,其他代詞都不行。

69.B who在本句中引導定語從句,由于先行詞是people,定語從句中又缺少主語,所以用who引導。

70.C本句意思是更多的美國人都是那些來自于世界各地、來新大陸尋找新生活的人的后代。work不可數,不能由a修飾,而世界各地的人是不可能到新大陸尋找星星的,所以無論從語法上,還是從含義上都應選C。

71.C those who…“…的那些人”,those在此處表示那些人。其余選項都不能這樣用。

72.B in great numbers“大量地,大批地,成群結隊地”,指人成群地來,固定搭配。

73.A on the coast“沿著海岸線”。coast往往和on相搭配,而不與其他介詞搭配。

74.C for that reason“由于那個原因”,固定搭配。又如for some reason“由于某種原因”。

75.B those可用來指代前面所提到的復數名詞。在本句中,those代替的是“its culture and customs”。that和the one都用來指代單數名詞,these無此用法。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.在過去的十年里,有很多次,大團被污染的空氣籠罩著美國東部,給那些遠離主要生產和交通堵塞地區的農民們敲響了健康警鐘。

77.另外一種觀點不像前一種被廣泛認同,它認為大氣當中特殊物質的增加會遮住陽光,從而降低地球溫度——這個結果同樣會是災難性的。

78.出版人很懷疑小說能夠成功,他想讓她和他一起承擔出版費用,她希望的也只是掙夠一件絲綢衣服的錢。

79.《湯姆叔叔的小屋》看起來似乎是受到全球歡迎,但這當然不是事實。

80.如果通過同工同酬的方式鼓勵女性從事全職工作,她們就無法做她們擅長的事情:做好家務、撫養孩子。

Section B

81. He tried to control himself, pretending not to hear the sad news.

82. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.

83. This room is three times as big as that one.

84. If I were left to decide whether we would have a city without bicycles or a city without cars, I would not hesitate a moment to choose the latter.

85. No matter how difficult it is, I will never lose my faith.

選作題Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

Good Study Habits

Study habits play a decisive role in the effect of learning. It is, therefore, important that we should form a good habit when we study.

According to study advisers, there are some basic ways for learning well. Frequent revision,for example, is one of them. It is not a quick way of learning well, of course, however, it does prove effective in the long run. Also, to do enough preparations before class helps a lot.

 Besides, there is another way of learning, that is, learning through communicating. Learning will be more efficient if you put what you have learned or are learning into practice. That' s why in recent years "Communicative Method" has been strongly recommended in schools in China.


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